Zum sogenannten “Referendum über die katalanische Selbstbestimmung” – 3

Ähnlich wie Leo Wieland sah dies damals auch Tom Burridge, der für BBC News aus Madrid berichtet.

Seht hierzu den Artikel vom 12.9.2012 mit dem Titel “Economics drives support for Catalan independence” in “BBC News“.

Wir erfahren in diesem Artikel unter anderem: “Spain’s economic crisis, which is being acutely felt in Catalonia, has galvanised those who campaign for independence from Madrid.

As Catalonia celebrated its national day on 11 September, known as La Diada, Catalan President Artur Mas told me that “if there is not an economic agreement, the road to freedom is open”.

Essentially he was blackmailing Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy: If you (the Spanish government) do not give us a more favourable economic deal, we (the Catalan government) will push for independence for Catalonia.

The political coalition which Mr Mas leads, Convergencia i Unio, is a centre-right nationalist coalition, but in theory it is not pro-independence.

That seems to be changing.

The deal that the Catalan president was referring to is known in Spain as the “fiscal pact”.

Catalonia says it pays 15bn euros (£12bn; $19bn) more every year to Madrid than it gets back in funding for services and public projects. (…).

The Catalan government essentially wants the same deal as the Basque Country. It wants to collect and manage its own taxes. Or, in British slang, “a bigger slice of the pie”.

The main stumbling block in the way of a deal is simple: The Spanish government is itself desperately short of money. A problem which is only compounded by Spain’s deepening recession.

The calculation Madrid has to make is whether there is room for a bit of give and take.

Is the political fallout from “no deal” too costly? And therefore is agreeing to a better economic arrangement for the Catalans a price worth paying?

Of course the economics and politics are, as always, inextricably linked”.

In der Tat dürften für Artur Mas taktische Erwägungen bei dem nun für den kommenden 9. November 2014 angesetzten und schon seit dem Herbst 2012 geforderten “Referendum über die politische Zukunft Kataloniens 2014” eine herausragende Rolle spielen.

Denn wenn Artur Mas seit dem Herbst 2012 für dieses geplante “Referendum über die politische Zukunft Kataloniens 2014” die separatistische Trommel rührt, kann er auf diese Weise vom eigentlichen Hauptproblem Kataloniens – der klammen aktuellen finanziellen Situation dieser spanischen Region mitsamt ihren Folgen  – ablenken und stattdessen die Gemüter seiner katalanischen Wähler mit dem Thema der nationalen Unabhängigkeit und Ehre erhitzen und so bei seinen Wählern punkten.

Und zugleich kann Artur Mas mit dieser Taktik die Madrider Regierung (Mariano RajoyPartido Popular) in der Frage “a bigger slice of the pie for Catalonia” unter Druck setzen.

In der Tat hat Artur Mas auch in der Zeit nach der Forderung eines Referendums im September 2012 mehr Geld für Katalonien von Madrid gefordert.

Seht hierzu zum Beispiel den Artikel vom 29.1.2013 mit dem Titel “Catalonia asks Spain for further 9bn euros bailout” in “BBC News“.

Wir erfahren in diesem Artikel unter anderem: “The independence-minded region of Catalonia has asked the Spanish central government for an extra 9bn euros (£7.7bn) in bailout money.

Catalonia’s regional government said it needed the money to pay down debts and meet deficit reduction targets.

It adds to the 5bn euros the debt-stricken region initially requested from Spain in August last year.

The move comes just a month after Catalonia’s new leaders pledged to hold a referendum on independence.

Catalonia is prosperous and accounts for around a fifth of Spain’s GDP, but faces debt repayments totalling 13.6bn euros this year alone”.

Artur Mas spielt hier wohl aus taktischen Gründen mit dem separatistischen Feuer. So sieht das auch der Korrespondent der “New York Times” in Madrid Raphael Minder.

Seht hierzu einen Artikel vom 5.10.2012 mit dem Titel “Catalan Leader Boldly Grasps a Separatist Lever” in der “New York Times”.

Wir erfahren in diesem Artikel unter anderem: “Artur Mas, the leader of Catalonia, has a clear message for Madrid: He is serious about his threat to let the people of Spain’s most economically powerful region decide for themselves in a referendum whether they should remain a part of Spain. (…).

Mr. Mas’s talk is not idle. With a $260 billion economy that is roughly the size of Portugal’s, an independent Catalonia and its 7.5 million inhabitants — 16 percent of Spain’s population — would rank ahead of a dozen of the 27 nations in the European Union. But like most of Spain’s regions, it is under great financial pressure and would like a better deal from Madrid. 

In that respect, his threats may amount to nothing more than brinkmanship (Deutsch: Politik des Spiels mit dem Feuer, Anmerkung von mir), as he applies to Madrid much the same tactic it has used to gain favorable treatment in its own dealings with Brussels: that is, that Catalonia, which has its own language and sense of identity, is simply “too big to fail” without calamitous consequences that no one wants to see. On Friday, Catalonia’s government raised the pressure, saying it would not be able to meet its September payments for basic services like heath care on schedule”.

Bei den Institutionen der Europäischen Union kommt dieses gefährliche Spiel von Artur Mas mit dem separatistischen Feuer anscheinend nicht besondes gut an.

Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag Zum sogenannten “Referendum über die katalanische Selbstbestimmung” – 3 Klaus Gauger steht unter einer Creative Commons Namensnennung-NichtKommerziell-KeineBearbeitung 3.0 Unported Lizenz


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