Zum aktuellen Stand der Auseinandersetzung um den US-Haushalt, den derzeitigen “government shutdown” und die Debatte um die anstehende Erhöhung des “US debt ceilings“ seht zum Beispiel den Artikel vom 6.10.2013 mit dem Titel “Boehner Hews to Hard Line in Demanding Concessions From Obama” in der “New York Times“.
Seht hierzu auch den Artikel vom 6.10.2013 mit dem Titel “U.S. Republicans will not pass ‘clean’ debt-limit increase: Boehner” in “Reuters“.
Immerhin soll sich John Boehner im Gespräch mit kleineren Gruppen von Abgeordneten der Parteibasis so geäußert haben, dass er eine Zahlungsunfähigkeit der USA gegenüber den Schuldnern des Landes nicht zulassen wird.
Seht hierzu den Artikel vom 3.10.2013 mit dem Titel “GOP lawmakers: Boehner tells colleagues he will avoid a default on federal debt” in der “Washington Post“.
Für die 800.000 von diesem “goverment shutdowns” betroffenen Bediensteten der US-Behörden ist diese Sache mehr als nur ärgerlich und lästig. Sie müssen derzeit ohne Arbeit und mit einer leeren Lohntüte auskommen.
Diese US-Bediensteten sollen nun offensichtlich nachträglich für diesen Verlust entschädigt werden.
Seht hierzu den Artikel vom 5.10.2013 mit dem Titel “Shutdown: Beurlaubte US-Bedienstete bekommen doch Geld” in “Zeit Online“.
Und ein Teil dieser US-Bediensteten soll jetzt auch wieder aus dem Zwangsurlaub zurückberufen werden.
Seht hierzu den Artikel vom 5.10.2013 mit dem Titel “Trotz Shutdown: Pentagon ruft zivile Mitarbeiter aus Zwangsurlaub zurück” in “Spiegel Online“.
Einen recht ausführlichen Artikel von Brad Plumer vom 30.9.2013 mit dem Titel “Absolutely everything you need to know about how the government shutdown will work” findet man im “Wonkblog” (gemanagt von Ezra Klein) der “Washington Post“.
Wir erfahren in diesem Artikel unter anderem:
“Does a shutdown mean everyone who works for the federal government has to go home?
Not exactly. The laws and regulations governing shutdowns separate federal workers into “essential” and “non-essential.” (Actually, the preferred term nowadays is “excepted” and “non-excepted.” This was tweaked in 1995 because “non-essential” seemed a bit hurtful. But we’ll keep things simple.)
The Office of Management and Budget recently ordered managers at all federal agencies to conduct reviews to see which of their employees fall into each of these two categories. If a shutdown hits, the essential workers stick around, albeit without pay. The non-essential workers have to go home after a half-day of preparing to close shop.
Which parts of government stay open?
There are a whole bunch of key government functions that carry on during a shutdown, including anything related to national security, public safety, or programs written into permanent law (like Social Security). Here’s a partial list:
— Any employee or office that “provides for the national security, including the conduct of foreign relations essential to the national security or the safety of life and property.” That means the U.S. military will keep operating, for one. So will embassies abroad.
— Any employee who conducts “essential activities to the extent that they protect life and property.” So, for example: Air traffic control stays open. So does all emergency medical care, border patrol, federal prisons, most law enforcement, emergency and disaster assistance, overseeing the banking system, operating the power grid, and guarding federal property.
— Agencies have to keep sending out benefits and operating programs that are written into permanent law or get multi-year funding. That means sending out Social Security checks and providing certain types of veterans’ benefits. Unemployment benefits and food stamps will also continue for the time being, since their funding has been approved in earlier bills.
— All agencies with independent sources of funding remain open, including the U.S. Postal Service and the Federal Reserve.
— Members of Congress can stick around, since their pay is written into permanent law. Congressional staffers however, will also get divided into essential and non-essential, with the latter getting furloughed. Many White House employees could also get sent home.
Do these “essential” employees who keep working get paid?
The 1.3 million or so “essential” civilian employees who stay on could well see their next paychecks delayed if the shutdown extends beyond Oct. 15. They should, however, receive retroactive pay if and when Congress decides to fund the government again.
The 1.4 million active-service military members, meanwhile, will get paid no matter how long the shutdown lasts. That’s because the House and Senate specifically passed a bill to guarantee active-duty military pay even when the government is closed. Obama signed it into law Monday night.
So which parts of government actually shut down?
Everything else, basically. It’s a fairly long list, and you can check out in detail which activities the agencies are planning to halt in these contingency plans posted by each agency. (…).
How many federal employees would be affected by a government shutdown?
The government estimates that roughly 800,000 federal workers will get sent home if the government shuts down.
That leaves about 1.3 million “essential” federal workers, 1.4 million active-duty military members, 500,000 Postal Service workers, and other employees in independently-funded agencies who will continue working”. (…)
Do “non-essential employees” who get sent home ever get paid?
That’s unclear, as my colleague Lisa Rein has reported. On the first day of the shutdown, these employees do have to come to their offices to secure their files, set up auto-reply messages, and make preparations necessary to halt their programs.
The last time this happened, Congress later agreed to pay these employees retroactively when the government reopened. But that’s completely up to Congress.
Update: It looks like the 800,000 “non-essential” employees will get paid after all. The House unanimously passed a bill on Oct. 5 granting retroactive pay for these workers during the shutdown. The Senate and White House are likely to approve the legislation”.